My Deep Sky Observations with the Vespera (Complete List of Observed DSO)

List of Observed Sky Objects | Remarks | References

Since the end of July 2022, I own a Vaonis Vespera telescope for observing and taking photos of deep sky objects. On this page, I collect all the sky objects that I visited with the Vespera (currently more than 100 different sky objects). This page is therefore permanently "under construction."

Note: See also

The linked object numbers lead to the detail pages for the respective objects; these typically contain at least one photo from each observation sesssion as well as further information about the object.

 

List of Observed Sky Objects

Object details can be obtained using the links to the relevant deep sky objects. Smaller deep sky objects that are also included in photos are usually not listed on their own.

DSO Details
Name Constellation Type Photo Remarks
B 33 Horse Head Nebula Orion GN/DN Alone and together with NGC 2024 in a mosaic; plus NGC 2023 close to B 33
B 142/43 Triple Cave Nebula, E Nebula Aquila DN Difficult to recognize
CR 399 Coat Hanger Vulpecula OC In binoculars better to see than in a telescope
IC 405 Flaming Star Nebula Auriga GN Reddish nebula; as mosaic together with IC 410; with filters
IC 410 Tadpole Nebula Auriga GN IC 405 (on top) and IC 410 (at the bottom) can be observed together in the mosaic mode of Vespera; IC 410 can be observed together with M 36, IC 417, and NGC 1931 in a Vespera mosaic.
IC 417 Spider Nebula, with NGC 1931, M 36 und IC 410 Auriga GE Emission nebula with embedded open star cluster; with NGC 1931, M 36, and IC 410 in a Vespera mosaic
IC 443 Jellyfish Nebula Gemini SR Reddish nebula, supernova remnant
IC 447 Dreyer's Nebula Monoceros GR Reflection nebula not far from the Christmas Tree Cluster/Cone Nebula NGC 2264 (mosaic section)
IC 1396 Elephant Trunk Cepheus GE At first invisible as a nebula, but later...
IC 1795 Fish Head Nebula Cassiopeia GN The galactic nebulae IC 1795 (also named NGC 896; top right), IC 1805, and IC 1848 form a larger nebulosity region in the constellation Cassiopeia, not far away from the Perseus Double Cluster NGC 869/884. The Fish Head Nebula next to IC 1805 is the brightest region and was therefore discovered first.
IC 1805 Heart Nebula Cassiopeia GN/OC The galactic nebulae IC 1805, IC 1848, and IC 1795 (also named NGC 896) form a larger nebulosity region in the constellation Cassiopeia, not far away from the Perseus Double Cluster NGC 869/884.
IC 1848 Soul Nebula Cassiopeia GN/OC The galactic nebulae IC 1805, IC 1848, and IC 1795 (also named NGC 896) form a larger nebulosity region in the constellation Cassiopeia, not far away from the Perseus Double Cluster NGC 869/884.
IC 2118 Witch Head Nebula Eridanus GN Not really recognizable. But with denoising a little bit better...
IC 2177 Seagull Nebula Monoceros GNE Together with M 50 (mosaic) and alone
IC 5070 Pelican Nebula Cygnus GNE Large reddish nebula; also together with NGC 7000 in a mosaic
IC 5146 Cocoon Nebula, with Cr 470 Cygnus GNE Small reddish nebula with embedded open star cluster Cr 470
M 1 Crab Nebula Taurus GE/SR Small, but nice; supernova remnant
M 2   Aquarius GC Nice globular cluster, one of the larger ones
M 3   Canes Venatici GC Similar to M 5 and M 92; resolved in Vespera
M 5   Serpens Caput GC Similar to M 3 and M 92; resolved in Vespera
M 10   Ophiuchus GC Close to M 12; resolved in Vespera
M 11 Wild Duck Cluster Scutum OC Many stars in Vespera
M 12   Ophiuchus GC Close to M 10; resolved in Vespera
M 13 Hercules Cluster Hercules GC Largest observed GC; many stars in Vespera
M 14   Ophiuchus GC Resolved in Vespera
M 15   Pegasus GC Resolved in Vespera
M 16 Eagle Nebula Serpens OS+GN Nice in Vespera
M 17 Omega/Swan Nebula Sagittarius GE Nice in Vespera
M 26   Scutum OC One of the more inconspicuous star clusters
M 27 Dumbbell Nebula Vulpecula PN Nice, but smaller in Vespera than in the eVscope (and less detailed)
M 29   Cygnus OC Pattern created from a few stars
M 31 Andromeda Galaxy Andromeda G Together with M 32 and together with M 32/110 in a mosaic
M 32 Together with M 31 and M 110 Andromeda G Together with M 31 and together with M 31/110 in a mosaic
M 33   Triangulum G Quite impressive
M 34  

Perseus

OC Large and nice open star cluster, reminds me of M 41
M 35 Together with NGC 2158 and IC 2156/2157 Gemini OC Nice open star cluster, together with NGC 2158 and IC 2156/2157
M 36   Auriga OC Nice star cluster, the smallest of M 36-38; alone, with M 38 in a mosaic; with IC 410 in a mosaic (plus NGC 1931, IC 417, NGC 1893)
M 37   Auriga OC Nice star cluster, the densest of M 36-38
M 38   Auriga OC Nice star cluster, the largest of M 36-38; with M 36 in a mosaic
M 39   Cygnus OC Few stars
M 41   Canis Major OC Large and nice open star cluster, reminds me of M 34; not as dense as M 35-38
M 42/43 Orion Nebula, De Mairan's Nebula Orion GN Nebula nicely captured; with mosaics, sometimes also NGC 1977 and NGC 1980 are on the photo.
M 44 Prasesepe, Crib, Behive Cluster Cancer OC Very large, starge were also large on that day
M 45 Pleiades, Seven Sisters Taurus OC Too large for a regular photo with Vespera, but fits a mosaic; hints of the nebulae in M 45 recognizable (NGC 1432, NGC 1435, and more)...
M 46 Includes NGC 2438 (PN); together with M 47 in a mosaic Puppis OC Large; includes NGC 2438 (PN); alone and together with M 47 in a mosaic (plus NGC 2423 and 2425)
M 47 Together with M 46 Puppis OC Large, contains some large bright stars; alone and together with M 46 in a mosaic (plus NGC 2423 and 2425)
M 48     OC Large, many bright stars, at the center many nearby stars...
M 50

Together with IC 2177

Monoceros OC Nice large open star cluster with many fine and some bright stars; alone and together with IC 2177 in a mosaic
M 51 Whirlpool Galaxy, together with NGC 5195 Canes Venatici G Nice spiral galaxy with connected satellite galaxy NGC 5195
M 52   Cassiopeia OS Medium-sized open star cluster; can be seen together with NGC 7635 with the Vespera
M 56   Lyra GC Smaller than M 3, M 5, and M 13
M 57 Ring Nebula Lyra PN Relatively small...
M 58 With M 87 Virgo G Barred spiral galaxy; on a mosaic together with M 87, M 89, and M 90
M 65/66 With NGC 3628 (Leo Triplet (Arp 317, Holm 246)) Leo G M 65 and M 66 together with NGC 3628 (Leo Triplet, (Arp 317, Holm 246)) in a mosaic and as a normal photo
M 67   Cancer OC Large, stars were large on that day
M 71   Sagitta GC Very loose GC
M 74   Pisces G Nice spiral galaxy, but in the Vespera just a faint dot/glow...
M 77   Cetus G Spiral galaxy, a bit more to see than with M 74, but in the end just a soft dot in the Vespera
M 78   Orion GE Very nice to see with Vespera, together with NGC 2071
M 81 Bode Galaxy Ursa Major G Nice spiral galaxy; spiral not clearly recognizable in Vespera; can be observed together with M 82
M 82 Cigar Galaxy Ursa Major G Long irregular galaxy (cigar), disturbed during an encounter with M 81; can be observed together with M 81
M 84   Virgo G Elliptical galaxy seen with the complete Markarian's Chain, of which it is a member; forms together with M 86 and NGC 4387 the "Great Galactic Face".
M 86   Virgo G Elliptical galaxy seen with the complete Markarian's Chain, of which it is a member; forms together with M 84 and NGC 4387 the "Great Galactic Face".
M 87 Virgo A Virgo G Elliptical galaxy; has a jet stream; center of the Virgo galaxy cluster (Virgo A); on a mosaic together with M 58, M 89, and M 90
M 89 With M 87 Virgo G Elliptical galaxy, a small bright and fuzzy dot; on a mosaic together with M 58, M 87, and M 90
M 90 With M 87 Virgo G Spiral galaxy, spiral can be guessed; on a mosaic together with M 58 M 87, and M 89
M 92   Hercules GC Smaller than M 13 and with a brighter center
M 95 With M 96, M 105 and many small galaxies Leo G Member of the M 96 group (together with M 96, M 105, and a number of small galaxies in a mosaic), barred spiral galaxy
M 96 With M 95, M 105 and many small galaxies Leo G Member of the M 96 group (together with M 95, M 105, and a number of small galaxies in a mosaic), spiral galaxy
M 97 Owl Nebula Ursa Major PN Small green dot with two dark spots; can be observed together with M 108 with Vespera
M 99 With M 100 and many small galaxies Coma Berenices G Spiral galaxy, almost seen face-on, similar to M 100; together with M 100 in a mosaic; discovered further galaxies on that mosaic!
M 100 With M 99 and many small galaxies Coma Berenices G Spiral galaxy, almost seen face-on, similar to M 99; together with M 99 in a mosaic; discovered further galaxies on that mosaic!
M 101 Pinwheel Galaxy; also with NGC 5474 Coma Berenices G Faint, but quite impressive in Vespera; new supernova SN 2023ixf discovered in M 101 (May 19, 2023); photographed on June 2, 2023. Also seen with dwarf galaxy NGC 5474.
M 103 Together with NGC 654, NGC 659, and NGC 663 Cassiopeia OC Open star cluster with many fine stars; the brighter stars form a triangle; together with NGC 654, NGC 659, and NGC 663 in the same field of view
M 105 With M 95, M 96 and many small galaxies Leo G Member of the M 96 group (together with M 95, M 96, and a number of small galaxies in a mosaic), elliptical galaxy
M 106 Together with some smaller galaxies Canes Venatici G Larger and bright spiral galaxy with bright core; close to it there is the small spiral galaxy NGC 4248, somewhat farther apart the galaxy NGC 4220, as well as the pair NGC 4231/32 (Holm 356)
M 108   Ursa Major G Barred spiral galaxy, nearly seen edge-on; can be observed together with M 97 with Vespera
M 110   Andromeda G Satellite of the Andromeda Galaxy M 31
Mel 25 Hyades Taurus OC Too large even for the Vespera's mosaic mode
NGC 40 Bow Tie Nebula Cepheus PN Violet dot with white central star
NGC 147 Together with NGC 185 Cassiopeia G Elliptical dwarf galaxy; forms a gravitationally connected galaxy pair with NGC 185
NGC 185 Together with NGC 147 Cassiopeia G

Elliptical dwarf galaxy; forms a gravitationally connected galaxy pair with NGC 147

NGC 281 Pacman Nebula   GN Larger reddish nebula with embedded star cluster IC 1590
NGC 457 Owl Cluster, E.T. Cluster Cassiopeia OC The eyes stand out
NGC 654 Together with NGC 659, NGC 663, and M 103 Cassiopeia OC Together with NGC 659, NGC 663, and M 103 in the same field of view
NGC 659 Together with NGC 654, NGC 663, and M 103 Cassiopeia OC Together with NGC 654, NGC 663, and M 103 in the same field of view
NGC 663 Together with NGC 654, NGC 659, and M 103 Cassiopeia OC Together with NGC 654, NGC 659, and M 103 in the same field of view; the largest of these clusters
NGC 752   Andromeda OC Large, loose open star cluster (alone and with NGC 797, NGC 801, and IC 179 in a mosaic)
NGC 884/869 Perseus Double Cluster Perseus OC Nice, both clusters visible in the same view
NGC 891   Andromeda G Nice, seen from the edge
NGC 1432 Maia Nebula, within M 45 Taurus GR Reflection nebula within M 45, illuminated by the star Maia
NGC 1435 Merope Nebula, within M 45 Taurus GR Reflection nebula within M 45, illuminated by the star Merope
NGC 1499 California Nebula Perseus GN Red nebula that I saw with the Vespera for the first time.
NGC 1502 Golden Harp Cluster; Kemble's Cascade Camelopardis OC/A Kemble's Cascade ends on one side with the open star cluster NGC 1502 (Golden Harp Cluster).
NGC 1931 Fly Nebula, with NGC 417, M 36, and IC 410 Auriga GE/R Emission/reflection nebula; with IC 417, M 36, and IC 410 in a Vespera mosaic
NGC 1977 Running Man Nebula Orion GN Called Running Man Nebula because of the form of a dark nebula inside of it; together with M 42/43, NGC 1980, and NGC 1981 in a mosaic.
NGC 1980 Lost Jewel of Orion Orion OC+GN Diffuse nebula and open star cluster below the Orion Nebula; also together with M 42/43, NGC 1977, and NGC 1981 in a mosaic.
NGC 1981 Coal Car Cluster Orion OC Open star cluster above the Running Man Nebula; also together with M 42/43, NGC 1977, and NGC 1980 in a mosaic.
NGC 2023   Orion GN Close to the Horsehead Nebula B 33
NGC 2024 Flame Nebula Orion GN Alone and together with B 33 in a mosaic; plus NGC 2023 close to B 33.
NGC 2071   Orion GR North of M 78 in Orion
NGC 2141   Orion OC Nice, but not well known open star cluster in Orion
NGC 2158 Close to M 35 Gemini OC Close to M 35 and together with it in the Vespera
NGC 2169 Little Pleiades; with NGC 2194 Orion OC+OC Together with NGC 2194
NGC 2174 Monkey Head Nebula; with NGC 2175 Orion GN Reddish nebula that resembles the head of a monkey; contains the open star cluster 2175
NGC 2194 With NGC 2169 Orion OC Together with NGC 2169
NGC 2237-39/46 Rosette Nebula Capricornus GN Saw the nebula for the first time in full size with the Vespera (mosaic).
NGC 2244 Star cluster in Rosette Nebula Monoceros OC+GN Cluster at the center of the Rosette Nebula
NGC 2261 Hubble's Variable Nebula Monoceros GNR Nebula that looks like a comet; together with Christmas Tree Cluster and Cone Nebula (NGC 2264)
NGC 2264 Christmas Tree Cluster and Cone Nebula Monoceros OC+DN Normal photo strongly disturbed; mosaics less disturbed (in part with NGC 2261)
NGC 2359 Thor's Helmet Canis Major GN According to Stoyan a good example of the usefulness of nebula filters
NGC 2392 Eskimo Nebula Gemini PN Round light blue spot with white dot in it
NGC 2403   Camelopardis G Spiral galaxy that is regarded as one of the best galaxies for small telescopes; unclear why Messier overlooked it; fairly impressive in the eVs.
NGC 2419 Intergalactic Wanderer Lynx GC Small, still in the Milky Way...
NGC 2438   Puppis PN Embedded in M 46, small
NGC 3077   Ursa Major G Small companion of M 81
NGC 3384/89 See M 105 Leo G The galaxy NGC 3384 (elliptical) and the smaller NGC 3389 (spiral) are close together with the galaxy M 105. In the Vespera's mosaic mode, M 95 and M 96 can also be included.
NGC 3628 Hamburger Galaxy, part of the Leo Triplet (Arp 317, Holm 246) Leo G Spiral galaxy seen edge-on; forms a conspicuous group with M 65 and M 66 in the Leo Triplet (Arp 317, Holm 246); in the Vespera the whole triplet can be seen (mosaic, normal photo).
NGC 4298/4302 Holm 377 or KPG 332 Coma Berenices G The spiral galaxies NGC 4298 and NGC 4302 form an interacting pair (Holm 377 or KPG 332). In a Vespera mosaic together with M 99 and M 100 and many small galaxies.
NGC 4387   Virgo G Forms the nose of the "Great Galactical Face"
NGC 4388   Virgo G Forms the mouth of the "Great Galactical Face"
NGC 4402   Virgo G Forms an "unofficial" eyebrow of the "Great Galactical Face"
NGC 4435/38 The Eyes Virgo G NGC 4435 is a lenticular galaxy and interacts with the lenticular galaxy NGC 4438, that is about 100,000 light years more distant. Both galaxies are members of Markarian's Chain.
NGC 4458/61   Virgo G The galaxies NGC 4461 (lenticular) und NGC 4458 (elliptical) in constellation Virgo are members of Markarian's Chain and interact with one another. In a Vespera mosaic, the whole Markarian's chain can be seen.
NGC 4473   Coma Berenices G Elliptical galaxy, member of Markarian's Chain
NGC 4477   Coma Berenices G Lenticular galaxy, member of Markarian's Chain
NGC 4567/68 Siamese Twins, Butterfly Galaxies; together with M 87 Virgo G/G NGC 4567/8 are two spiral galaxies in the Virgo cluster; they are also called "The Siamese Twins" or "The Butterfly Galaxies".
NGC 4889 with NGC 4874; belong to the Coma Galaxy Cluster (Abell 1656) Coma Berenices G Tiny (but in reality a giant...); with NGC 4874; belong to the Coma Galaxy Cluster (Abell 1656)
NGC 6229   Hercules GC Small
NGC 6633   Ophiuchus OC Only stars...
NGC 6712   Scutum GC Not very large...
NGC 6888 Crescent Nebula Cygnus GE Nice, but faint
NGC 6934   Delphinus GC According to Stoyan hard to resolve; this is, however, possible with Vespera.
NGC 6939   Cepheus OC Together in FOV with NGC 6946 with Vespera
NGC 6946 Fireworks Galaxy Cepheus G Face-on galaxy; can be observed together with NGC 6939 with Vespera
NGC 6960 Western Cirrus Nebula Cygnus GN/SR Only partly visible; together NGC 6992/5 as a mosaic (do not quite fit the frame). Together with NGC 6992/5 a supernova remnant.
NGC 6992/5 Eastern Cirrus Nebula Cygnus GN/SR Only partly visible; together NGC 6960 as a mosaic (do not quite fit the frame). Together with NGC 6960 a supernova remnant.
NGC 7000 North America Nebula Cygnus GN Only partly visible; together with IC 5070 as a mosaic
NGC 7023 Iris Nebula Cepheus GN NGC 7023 is the name of an open star cluster containing the Iris Nebula. The Iris Nebula is a reflection nebula illuminated by a central star. Nice...
NGC 7293 Helix Nebula Aquarius PN Large, faint
NGC 7317 Stephan's Quintet Pegasus GaC Close to galaxy NGC 7331; together in FOV with Vespera
NGC 7331 With NGC 7335, NGC 7336, NGC 7337, and NGC 7340 Pegasus G Close to Stephan's Quintet NGC 7317; together in FOV with Vespera
NGC 7380 Wizard Nebula/Cluster Cepheus GN/OC A star formation region that contains the young open star cluster NGC 7380
NGC 7635 Bubble Nebula Cassiopeia GN Is located close to the open star cluster M 52; both can be seen together with Vespera
NGC 7789 Caroline's Rose Cluster, White Rose Cluster Cassiopeia OC Nice, many stars
Moon     M Half moon

G = galaxy, GaC = galaxy cluster, OC = open star cluster, GC = globular star cluster, GN = galactic nebula, GE = galactic emission nebula, GR = galactic reflection nebula, DN = dark nebula, C = comet, PN = planetary nebula, SP = star pattern, SC = star cloud, SR = supernova remnant, HII = HII region (emission nebula in other galaxies), P = planet, M = moon

 

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25.04.2024