My Deep Sky Observations (Complete List of Observed DSO)

Introduction | Overview of Observed Objects | Remarks | References

Since 2016, I conducted simple "deep sky observations," which might be of interest to other beginners and are therefore listed here. This page provides an overview of the respective observations.

Note: See also an overview of all my observations with the Unistellar eVscope (a subset of this list): Deep Sky Observations with eVscope (Complete Object List)

 

Conditions

Observation Location

Most observations were conducted in Mühlhausen/Kraichgau (Germany):

I conducted further deep sky observations in Erkerode (near Braunschweig, Germany) ...

... as well as in France (Sumène, close to Saint Julien-Chapteuil, Haute Loire, France):

Devices Used

I used all my telescopes (as long as I owned them...). In September/October 2019 I observed with a borrowed StarTravel 120/600. I also observe/photograph with my eVscope since the end of January 2020.

Moreover, I used my 10 x 25 binoculars (Leica Trinovid), which are not all night glasses. In October 2017, I also acquired TS 10 x 60 binoculars.

Mounts: Star Discvery AZ GoTo, AZ Pronto, and AZ4 mounts.

I used all kinds of eyepieces, but preferred my UWA eyepieces (16 mm, 7 mm, 4 mm) as well as a 32 mm Plössl eyepiece, and two WA eyepiece (10 mm, 24 mm). Recently, I also use some 2" eyepieces (long focal lengths).

General Conditions

In general, the sky above Mühlhausen/Kraichgau is "light-polluted" and does not invite you to search for deep sky objects. This is certainly one of the reasons why I found some of the deep sky objects that I wanted to observe only sometimes or not at all. Often, the sky was not yet dark enough for observing deep sky objects ...

I conducted further deep sky observations in Erkerode (near Braunschweig, Germany) and later in autumn also in France (Sumène, Haute Loire, France). The sky above Sumène, Haute Loire (France) is relatively dark (the Betz observatory used by the Orion43 group is near-by).

 

Overview of Observed Objectsbjects

Messier Catalog
DSO Details Name Constellation Type Bino Telescope Prime Season* When Observed? Remarks Rec.
M 1 Crab Nebula Taurus GE   P130 GT, GSD 680, 150 PDS GTAI, C8, C8R, eVs Winter Jan-Mar Very faint, n.f. with 100P, seen with AI, seen best with eVs eVs, C8
M 2   Aquarius GC   PS72, 100P, ST120, SM127, C8, eVs Autumn Aug-Dec Very similar to M 15 +
M 3   Canes Venatici GC TS 150PDS GT, SM127 GT, PS72 GT, eVs, TLAPO1027 Spring Mar-Sep Similar to M 5 and M 92, somewhat grainy at high magnifications; nice in eVscope +
M 4   Scorpius GC   ST120, SM127, eVs Summer Sep, May, Jul Very low, very faint, with 4 mm probably resolved a bit into stars +
M 5   Serpens Caput GC TS 150PDS GT, SM127 GT, PS72 GT, eVs Spring Mar, May-Aug Similar to M 3 and M 92, somewhat grainy at high magnifications; nice in eVscope +
M 6 Butterfly Cluster Scorpius OC   eVs Summer May, Aug Forms, according to Stoyan, together with M 7 an impressive cluster duo. But they are far too much apart to be seen together in the eVscope.  
M 7 Ptolemy's Cluster Scorpius OC   eVs Summer Aug Forms, according to Stoyan, together with M 6 an impressive cluster duo. But they are far too much apart to be seen together in the eVscope.  
M 8 Lagoon Nebula Sagittarius OC+GN   100P, 100P GT, SM102 GT, PS72, ST120, eVs Summer May-Sep Saw only stars, perhaps some glow; nice in eVscope eVs
M 9   Ophiuchus GC   ST120, SM127, eVs Summer May-Sep Small, bright core, appeared as somewhat irregular; not resolved, but in eVscope  
M 10   Ophiuchus GC   SM102 GT , ST120, SM127, eVs Summer May-Sep A faint glow, with 4 mm probably resolved a bit into stars; resolved in eVscope eVs
M 11 Wild Duck Cluster Scutum OC LT, TS SM102 GT, SM127, P130 GT, 150 PDS GT, PS72, ST120, SM127, eVs, TLAPO1027 Summer May-Nov Saw stars, a nebula within; no nebula impression at higher magnifications; many stars in eVscope +
M 12   Ophiuchus GC   SM102 GT, ST120, SM127, eVs Summer May-Sep A faint glow, with 4 mm probably resolved a bit into stars; resolved in eVscope eVs
M 13   Hercules GC LT, TS, OM21 100P, 100P GT, SM102, SM102 GT, SM127, P130, P130 GT, 150PDS GT, GSD 680, PS72, ST120, eVs, TLAPO1027, C8 Summer Mar, May-Nov Largest observed GC, grainy, somewhat resolved into stars from 100 x on; beautiful in eVscope +, eVs
M 14   Ophiuchus GC   ST120, SM127, eVs Summer Sep, May-Jul Small, faint at 4 mm, not resolved; resolved in eVscope eVs
M 15   Pegasus GC   100P, 100P GTAI, 150 PDS GTAI, PS72, SM127, C8, eVs Autumn Aug-Dec, Jan Not as large as M 13, very similar to M 2; took it for a star at low magnifications; supposedly, it is the best globular cluster in autumn. +
M 16 Eagle Nebula Serpens OC+GN   SM102 GT, PS72, ST120, eVs Summer May-Oct Loose, IC 4703 not found; nice in eVscope +
M 17 Omega/Swan Nebula Sagittarius GE   SM102 GT, PS72, ST120, eVs Summer May-Oct Saw only stars, a faint glow at best; saw later also a glow; nice in eVscope eVs
M 18   Sagittarius OC   ST120, eVs Summer

May, Jul-Sep

Saw only few stars  
M 19   Ophiuchus GC   ST120, eVs Summer Sep, May-Jun Somewhat larger, faint, because already low, but just seen; not resolved; resolved in eVscope eVs
M 20 Trifid Nebula Sagittarius GE   100P, 100P GT, P130 GT, ST120, eVs Summer May-Sep Saw only stars, perhaps a faint glow; nice in eVscope eVs
M 21   Sagittarius OC   ST120, eVs Summer May, Aug-Oct Saw fine stars (24 mm)  
M 22   Sagittarius GC   PS72, ST120, eVs Summer May, Aug-Sep Large and beautiful, particularly at 24 and 10 mm; appeared resolved differently on various days; resolved in eVscope +, eVs
M 23   Sagittarius OC   ST120, eVs Summer Aug-Sep, May-Jun Seen well, large, fine stars (there was a star next to it) +
M 24 Small Sagittarius Cloud Sagittarius SC   ST120, eVs Summer Aug-Sep, May The Sagittarius Cloud is part of the Milky Way, is large, and has many stars (24 mm); too large for the eVscope +
M 25   Sagittarius OC   PS72, 100P, ST120, eVs Summer Aug-Oct, May Open, wide-spread cluster close to a yellow star  
M 26   Scutum OC   ST120, eVs Summer May-Jun, Aug-Sep Forms an obtuse triangle with two other stars, saw only few stars, but there should be 30 and more...  
M 27 Dumbbell Nebula Vulpecula PN   100P GT, 100P GTAI, 150PDSGT, 150PDS GTAI, PS72, ST120, SM127, eVs Summer Jan, Apr, Jul-Oct A glow, with AI recognizable; seen quite well with PS72, and large and beautifully in Betz; with Exp150 and ST120 nice, large, and maybe a bit "square". +
M 28   Sagittarius GC   PS72, ST120, eVs Summer May-Jun, Aug-Sep Close to M 22, much smaller, resolved into fine stars with 4 mm; resolved in eVscope +
M 29   Cygnus OC   C8, eVs Summer Jan-Feb, Jun Only a few stars (as Karkoschka writes), 4-6 stars fine stars  
M 30   Capricornus GC   eVs Summer Sep According to Stoyan, a typical globular star cluster that cannot be resolved in small telescopes. In the eVscope this is manifested by the very bright core.  
M 31/32   Andromeda G LT, TS, OM21 100P, 100P GT, P130 GT, GSD680, SM102, SM127, SM127 GTAI, PS72, ST120, C8, eVs Autumn Jan-Mar, Aug-Nov Seen best in France, even with binoculars; M 32 seen with AI (SM127) and C8 +
M 32     G   eVs Autumn Mar, Aug Satellite galaxy of M 31, observed alone with eVs  
M 33   Triangulum G LT PS72, ST120, C8, eVs Autumn Sep-Oct, Jan-Mar Seen only very faint; best seen with eVs (plus NGC 604 = HII region)  
M 34   Perseus OC LT, TS 100P, PS72, ST120, C8, eVs Autumn Sep-Nov, Jan- Mar In binoculars more of a glow, in France resolved in single stars; wide-spread  
M 35   Gemini OC LT, TS 100P GT, P130 GT, 150PDS GT, 150PDS GT(AI), GSD680, SM102, SM127, PS72, PS72 GT, ST120, C8, C8R, eVs Winter Oct, Dec-May Rich of stars and nice, large +
M 36   Auriga OC LT, TS 100P, 100P GT, P130 GT, 150PDS GT(AI), GSD680, PS72 GT, C8R, eVs Winter Jan-May The "middle" cluster of M 36-38, regarding brightness and location +
M 37   Auriga OC LT, TS 100P GT, P130 GT, 150PDS GT(AI), GSD680, PS72, PS72 GT, C8R, eVs Winter Jan-May Outside of Auriga's "body"; brighter, larger and has mor4 stars than M 38 +
M 38   Auriga OC LT, TS 100P, 100P GT, P130 GT, 150PDS GT(AI), GSD680, PS72 GT, C8R, eVs Winter Jan-May Most difficult to find of M 36-38; the most Western of the three clusters +
M 39   Cygnus OC LT, TS 100P, PS72, C8, eVs Summer Aug-Nov, Jan-Feb, Jun At the upper left end of an Y; a wide, triangular field of stars; triangle seen well in the C8, not in the eVs  
M 40 Winnecke 4 Ursa Major DS   eVs North Mar-Apr Optical double star; nearby are three small galaxies (NGC 4284, NGC 4290, PGC 39934)  
M 41   Canis Major OC   100P, P130 GT, PS72, GSD680, 150PDS GT(AI), eVs Winter Feb-Apr Large and nice open star cluster, reminds me of M 34 ; not as dense as M 35-38  
M 42/43 Orion Nebula Orion GE LT, TS 100P, 100P GT, P130 GT, 150PDS GT(AI), GSD680, SM102, SM127, PS72, ST120, C8, C8R, C8R GTAI, eVs Winter Oct-Apr Beautiful, particularly at higher magnifications; at higher magnifications, the Trapezium can be resolved; best with C8 and UHC filter +
M 43 De Mairan's Nebula Orion GE   eVs Winter Mar Part of M 42 +
M 44 Praesepe/Crib Cancer OC LT, TS 100P, 100P GT, P130 GT, 150PDS GT, PS72, PS72 GT, eVs Winter Feb-May Very nice also in binoculars; ditto in the telescope; too lareg for eVs +
M 45 Pleiades Taurus OC LT, TS, OM21 100P, 100P GT, P130 GT, GSD680, SM127 GTAI, 150PDS GTAI, PS72, PS72 GT, ST120, C8, eVs Winter Sep-May Large and nice, particularly in binoculars and ST120 ; too large for C8 and eVs +
M 46   Puppis OC   100P, P130 GT, PS72, eVs Winter Feb-Mar M 46 cluster seen, faint but nice; like a nebula at low magnifications; PN NGC 2438 not seen except for eVs  
M 47   Puppis OC   100P, P130 GT, 150PDS GT, PS72, eVs Winter Feb-Mar Large, contains some large bright stars; brighter than M 46  
M 48   Hydra OC   P130 GT, 150PDS GT, PS72, eVs Spring Feb-Mar Nice, but not bright; eVs: large, many bright stars, at the center many nearby stars...  
M 49   Virgo G   150PDS GT, eVs Spring Mar, May Elliptical galaxy; small, but seen well  
M 50   Monoceros OC   P130 GT, GSD680, 150PDS GT(AI), PS72, eVs Winter Feb-Apr Nice large open star cluster with many fine and some bright stars; appeared nicer than M 48 +
M 51 Whirlpool Galaxy Canes Venatici G   150PDS GT, PS72, ST120, eVs Spring Mar-Sep Glow (brighter nucleus?), diffuse "something"... in eVs nice spiral galaxy with connected satellite galaxy eVs
M 52   Cassiopeia OC   PS72/432, eVs North Aug-Oct, Feb Medium-sized open star cluster; hard to find for me (except for with eVs...)  
M 53   Coma Berenices GC   150PDS GT, SM127 GT, eVs Spring Mar-Jun, Aug Smallest visually observed GC, somewhat grainy, brighter nucleus at high magnification; resolved in eVscope eVs
M 54   Sagittarius GC   ST120, eVs Summer Aug-Sep Very small, but seen well, bright core, not resolved  
M 55   Sagittarius GC   ST120, eVs Summer Sep Found M 55 more or less by chance, nice, larger than the nearby M 75; resolved at 7 and 4 mm, fairly faint at 4 mm. +
M 56   Lyra GC   100P, 100P GTAI, SM102, SM127, 150PDS GTAI, ST120, eVs Summer Aug-Oct, Apr, Jun Sphere visible, but definitely smaller than M 13 and M 92; seen very well in Betz; small with 24 mm, then observed with 10, 7, and 4 mm; slightly resolved at 4 mm; resolved in eVscope eVs
M 57 Ring Nebula Lyra PN   SM102, SM102 GT, SM127, P130 GT, 100P, 100P GTAI, 150PDS GT, 150PDS GTAI, PS72, ST120, C8, eVs Summer Apr, Jun-Dec Ring may be guessed at high magnifications at best, seen well with AI and larger telescopes (Betz, C8) +
M 58   Virgo G   eVs Spring Mar Barred spiral galaxy, but hard to see in the eVscope  
M 59   Virgo G   eVs Spring Mar Elliptical galaxy, smaller than M 58  
M 60   Virgo G   eVs Spring Mar-Apr Elliptical galaxy with satellite NGC 4647 (spiral galaxy) eVs
M 61   Virgo G   eVs Spring Mar, May Spiral galaxy, small and fine spiral in the eVscope; on May 6, 2020, the new supernova SN 2020jfo within it was discovered.  
M 63 Sunflower Galaxy Canes Venatici G   eVs Spring Mar-May Nice, elongated spiral galaxie, somewhat larger eVs
M 64   Coma Berenices G   150PDS GT, eVs Spring Mar-May Glow, but seen well; in eVs impressive spiral galaxy with unique look, somewhat larger eVs
M 65/66   Leo G   150PDS GT, C8, eVs Spring Feb-May Sometimes, I could see two faint galaxies, often only one; M 65 an M 66 just fit the field of view of the eVscope to be seen both eVs
M 67   Cancer OC   150PDS GT, eVs Winter Feb-Mar, May Somewhat widespread OC  
M 69   Sagittarius GC   ST120, eVs Summer Aug-Sep Still small at 4 mm, faint at 4 mm (small star nearby -> for identification)  
M 70   Sagittarius GC   ST120, eVs Summer Aug-Sep Small (located close to a longer chain of stars -> for identification)  
M 71   Sagitta GC   ???, 150PDS GTAI, PS72, ST120, SM127, eVs Summer Aug-Okt, Jan M 71 was very lose; seen well with AI and eVs; with PS72 probably seen faintly; with ST120 somewhat resolved at 4 mm, nice, but faint  
M 72   Aquarius GC   eVs Autumn Aug According to Stoyan, one of the more inconspicuous globular star clusters  
M 73   Aquarius OC   eVs Autumn Aug According to Stoyan, one of the more obscure Messier objects, but worth visiting  
M 74   Pisces G   eVs Autumn Feb-Mar Nice spiral galaxy, but in the eVscope just a faint dot/glow...  
M 75   Sagittarius GC   ST120, eVs Summer Aug-Sep Very hard to find, at 4 mm still very small, not resolvable  
M 76 Small Dumbbell Nebula Perseus PN   ST120, eVs Summer Sep, Feb-Mar Very small; not found with 24 mm, only with 10, 7, and 4 mm; eVs: small, colorful, rectangular eVs
M 77   Cetus G   eVs Autumn Feb Spiral galaxy, a bit more to see than with M 74, but in the end just a soft dot in the eVscope  
M 78   Orion GR   P130 GT, C8, eVs Winter Dec-Mar Was hard to find, but no problem with C8 and eVs; more details with longer exposure C8, eVs
M 79   Lepus GC   eVs Winter Mar Smaller globular star cluster  
M 80   Scorpius GC   ST120, SM127, eVs Sommer May, Jul, Sep Low, but a little higher up than M 4, therefore somewhat brighter, small, located between two stars (vertical line), with 4 mm perhaps resolved in to stars; resolved in eVscope eVs
M 81 Bode Galaxy Ursa Major G   100P, P130 GT, 150PDS GT, PS72, ST120, eVs North Feb-Jul, Sep Nice spiral galaxy; the spiral is not very conspicuous in the eVscope +, eVs
M 82 Cigar Galaxy Ursa Major G   100P, P130 GT, 150PDS GT, PS72, ST120, eVs North Feb-Jul, Sep Elongated irregular galaxy (cigar), dirsturbed by an encounter with M 81
eVs
M 84   Virgo G   eVs Spring Mar-Apr Elliptical galaxy, which can be seen together with M 86 in the eVscope's field of view (+ NGC 4387 and a bit of NGC 4402) eVs
M 85   Coma Berenices G   eVs Spring Mar-May, Jul Elliptical galaxy that can be seen together with the galaxy NGC 4394 in the same field of view of the eVscope; supernova 2020nlb visible on July photo eVs
M 86   Virgo G   eVs Spring Mar-Apr Observed alone and together with M 84 in the field of view (+ NGC 4387 and a bit of NGC 4402)  
M 87   Virgo G   150PDS GT, eVs Spring May Perhaps a spherical glow, not much to see  
M 88   Coma Berenices G   eVs Spring Mar Spiral galaxy, spiral can be recognized eVs
M 89   Virgo G   eVs Spring Mar Elliptical galaxy, a small bright and fuzzy dot...  
M 90   Virgo G   eVs Spring Mar Spiral galaxy, spiral can be recognized eVs
M 91   Coma Berenices G   eVs Spring Mar Barred spiral galaxy, bar can be recognized, spiral not so much... eVs
M 92   Hercules GC LT, TS 100P, 100P GT, 102 GT, P130, P130 GT, 150PDS GT, GSD680, PS72, ST120, eVs, TLAPO1027, C8 Summer Apr-Oct Similar to M 3 and M 5, somewhat grainy at high magnifications; nice in eVscope +, eVs
M 93   Puppis OC   100P, P130 GT, 150PDS GT, eVs Winter Feb-Mar Nice at high magnification, only a glow otherwise; eVs: nice open star cluster with compact center eVs
M 94   Canes Venatici G   150PDS GT, eVs Spring Mar-May

Small spiral galaxy,visually a glow; eVs: the spiral appears more like a nebula

eVs
M 95   Leo G   C8, eVs Spring Mar-Apr Small barred spiral galaxy, relatively faint, but the bar is visible. Forms a pair with M 96, but too far away for the eVscope (40'). eVs
M 96   Leo G   150PDS GT, C8, eVs Spring Feb-May

Spiral galaxy, forms a pair with M 95, but too far away for the eVscope (40'); visually, sometimes one galaxy (M 96) faintly visible, but often none...

eVs
M 97 Owl Nebula Ursa Major PN   eVs North Mar-Jul Small green dot with two dark spots eVs
M 98   Coma Berenices G   eVs North Mar Spiral galaxy seen edge-on, small bright core  
M 99 Coma Pinwheel Galaxy Coma Berenices G   eVs North Mar Spiral galaxy, almost seen face-on, similar to M 100 and M 101, but much smaller than M 101 eVs
M 100   Coma Berenices G   eVs North Mar Spiral galaxy, almost seen face-on, similar to M 99 and M 101, but much smaller than M 101 eVs
M 101 Pinwheel Galaxy Ursa Major G   eVs North Mar-Sep Spiral galaxy, seen face-on, similar to M 99 and M 100, but much larger than both; quite impressive in the eVscope eVs
M 102 Spindle Galaxy Draco G   eVs North Mar-Apr, Jun, Aug Seen edge-on; shares the name "Spindle Galaxy" with two other galaxies eVs
M 103   Cassiopeia OC   100P, PS72, ST120, C8, eVs North Sep-Oct, Jan-Mar Open star cluster with many fine stars; the brighter stars form a triangle eVs
M 104 Sombrero Galaxy Virgo G   150PDS GT, eVs Spring Mar-May Spiral galaxy, seen nearly edge-on; the dust ring and the bright nucleus led to the name; very impressive in eVs eVs
M 105   Leo G   eVs Spring Mar Bright elliptical galaxy; can be seen together with the galaxies NGC 3384 (elliptical) and the smaller NGC 3389 (spiral) in the same field of view in the eVscope. eVs
M 106   Canes Venatici G   150PDS GT, eVs Spring Mar-Jun, Sep Larger and bright spiral galaxy with bright core; visually found, weak glow? Close to it there is the small spiral galaxy NGC 4248. eVs
M 107   Ophiuchus GC   ST120, SM127, eVs Summer May-Jul, Sep Seen well with ST120, because higher up than the Scorpius globular clusters, with 4 mm perhaps resolved into stars. Faint with SM127. eVs
M 108   Ursa Major G   eVs North Mar-Jun Barred spiral galaxy, nearly seen edge-on eVs
M 109   Ursa Major G   eVs North Mar-Apr, Jun, Sep Barred spiral galaxy, the bar is easily recognized in the eVscope eVs
M 110   Andromeda G   eVs Summer Mar, Aug Satellite galaxy of M 31, fainter than M 32  

Further Catalogs

DSO Details
Name Constellation Type Bino Telescope Prime Season* When Observed? Remarks Rec.
B 33 Horse Head Nebula Perseus DN   eVs Winter Jan-Mar Very faint even after post-processing, a little better without the moon... (eVs)
C/2017 T2 C/2017 T2 (Panstarrs) --- C   C8, eVs --- Jan, Feb, Apr The comet can be recognized as such in die eVs; only a guess in the C8... (2020)  
C/2019 Y4 C/2019 Y4 (Atlas) --- C   eVs --- Mar-Apr The comet can be recognized as such in die eVs (2020)  
C/2020 F3 C/2020 F3 (Neowise) --- C LT, TS SM127, eVs --- Jul, Aug The nicest comet in 2020 TS
C 9 Cave Nebula Cepheus GN   eVs North Sep Large reddish nebula, faint in the eVscope  
Cr 350   Ophiuchus OC   eVs Summer May Very large and sparse star cluster; it is not concentrated and not well seprated from its background; too large for the eVscope.  
Cr 399 Coat Hanger Vulpecula OC LT, TS, OM21 100P, ST120, SM127, TLAPO1027 Summer Aug-Nov In binoculars better than in the telescope, on OM21 mostly only partially visible; with ST120 just fits the field of view at 24 mm, nice (turned upside down) +
IC 1276   Serpens GC   eVs Summer May Appears with a reddish tint because of its large distance and the dust of the Milky Way. eVs
IC 1396 Elephant Trunk Cepheus GE   eVs North Aug Practically not visible as a nebula...  
IC 1795 Fischkopfnebel Cassiopeia GN   eVs North Sep The galactic nebulae IC 1795 (also named NGC 896), IC 1805, and IC 1848 form a larger nebulosity region in the constellation Cassiopeia, not far away from the Perseus Double Cluster NGC 869/884. The Fish Head Nebula next to IC 1805 is the brightest region and was therefore discovered first.  
IC 1805 Heart Nebula Cassiopeia GN/OS   eVs North Sep The galactic nebulae IC 1805, IC 1848, and IC 1795 (also named NGC 896) form a larger nebulosity region in the constellation Cassiopeia, not far away from the Perseus Double Cluster NGC 869/884.  
IC 1848 Soul Nebula Cassiopeia GN/OS   eVs North Sep The galactic nebulae IC 1848, IC 1805, and IC 1795 (also named NGC 896) form a larger nebulosity region in the constellation Cassiopeia, not far away from the Perseus Double Cluster NGC 869/884.  
IC 2574   Ursa Major G   eVs North Mar-Apr, Jun Very faint spiral galaxy, hard for the eVscope  
IC 4593 White Eyed Pea Nebula Hercules PN   eVs Summer May Is turquoise and has a bright core, which cannot be recognized in the eVscope. eVs
IC 4634 Rose Nebula Ophiuchus PN   eVs Summer May Has a point-symmetric, s-shaped structure, but is so tiny that none of this can be detected in the eVscope; the nebula itself is difficult to find, but in the end, the colour helps.  
IC 4665   Ophiuchus OC   SM102 GT, eVs Summer May, Aug-Sep Can already be seen with the naked eye as a faint glow; too large to be seen well in the eVscope.  
IC 4756   Serpens OC   eVs Summer May Consists of few, inconspicuously scattered stars and is rather an object for opera glasses or binoculars; for the eVscope, too large. found ?
IC 5070 Pelican Nebula Cygnus GE   eVs Summer Aug Large reddish nebula, can be guessed without post-processing...  
IC 5146 Cocoon Nebula Cygnus GE   eVs Summer Aug Small reddish nebula with embedded open star cluster Cr 470  
Mel 20 Alpha Persei Cluster Perseus OC LT, TS, OM21 100P, PS72, ST120 Autumn Sep-Nov, Jan-Mar Very nice, even to the naked eye +
Mel 25 Hyades Taurus OC LT, TS 100P, 100P GT, P130 GT, 150PDS, GSD680, C8 Winter Oct-Mar Very large +
Mel 111 Coma Berenices Cluster Coma Berenices OC LT, TS 100P Spring May, Jun Distant OC of relatively bright stars, only for opera glasses; a faint glow to the naked eye +
NGC 40 Bow Tie Nebula Cepheus PN   eVs North Apr Has a white dwarf as central star, the nebula looks violet in the eVscope. eVs
NGC 281 Pacman Nebula Cassiopeia GE   eVs North Feb, Aug-Sep Saw only stars  
NGC 457 Owl/E.T. Cluster Cassiopeia OC   100P, PS72, ST120, C8, eVs North Sep-Oct, Jan-Feb Rather small, the "eyes" stand out; found it surprisingly well with ST120 and 24 mm thanks to the "bright eyes"; large with 10 mm; wonderful with 10 and 24 mm, never seen so clearly (I think so...); nice in eVs, particularly the eyes +
NGC 559   Cassiopeia OS   eVs North Sep Smaller open cluster in Cassiopeia  
NGC 604   Triangulum PN   eVs Summer Feb-Mar, Sep The brightest HII region in M 33, a small blob... eVs
NGC 663/NGC 654   Cassiopeia OC   100P, SM127, PS72, ST120, C8, eVs North Sep-Nov, Jan-Feb 663 seen (a lot of small stars and star pairs), 654 probably not; nice in eVs +
NGC 752   Andromeda OC   PS72, ST120, eVs Autumn Mar, Sep Large, many small stars, wide-spread +
NGC 884/NGC 869 Perseus Double Cluster Perseus OC LT, TS, OM21 100P, P130 GT, GSD680, PS72, ST120, C8, eVs Autumn Sep-Mar Seen with the naked eye, nice in binoculars (both together) and with ST120 and 35 mm eyepiece; too large to see both in eVs +
NGC 891   Andromeda G   eVs Autumn Feb Seen edge-on; nice, but faint +
NGC 925   Triangulum G   eVs Sommer Sep    
NGC 1977 Running Man Nebula (+ NGC 1973 und NGC 1975) Orion GR   eVs Winter Mar The Running Man Nebula includes the reflection nebulae NGC 1977, 1973, and 1975 as well as the open star cluster 1981; a dark nebula has the shape of a running man; needs long times in Enhanced Vision mode  
NGC 2024 Flame Nebula Orion GE   C8 GTAI, eVs Winter Feb-Mar Rather faint reddish nebula next to Alnitak; not easy for the eVscope eVs
NGC 2237/2244 Rosette Nebula/Open star cluster in R. N. Monoceros GE+OC   P130 GT, PS72, eVs Winter Feb-Mar Only star cluster NGC 2244 seen, even with eVscope  
NGC 2261 Hubble's Variable Nebula Monoceros GR   eVs Winter Feb Nebula that looks like a comet eVs
NGC 2264 Christmas Tree Cluster Monoceros OC   P130 GT, 150PDS GTAI, eVs Winter Feb-Apr "Christmas Tree" not recognized in Feb, but in Mar; saw only the star cluster +
NGC 2360   Canis Major OC   ??? Winter Mar Not found? ?
NGC 2362   Canis Major OC   100P, P130 GT, GSD680 Winter Mar Primarily, I saw an "L" shape...  
NGC 2392   Gemini PN   P130 GT, eVs Winter Feb-Mar Guessed a small dot... eVs: round light blue spot with white dot in it eVs
NGC 2403   Camelopardis G   eVs North Mar-Apr Spiral galaxy, regarded as one of the best galaxies for small telescopes; unclear why Messier overlooked it; fairly impressive in the eVscope. eVs
NGC 2438 inside M 46 Puppis GN   eVs Winter Feb Planetary nebula inside of M 46 (there I found it...)  
NGC 2775   Cancer G   eVs Winter Mar Small spiral galaxy with bright core; spiral not recognizable in the eVscope  
NGC 2903   Leo G   C8, eVs Spring Mar-Apr One of the brighter spiral galaxies; unclear why Messier missed it... Very faint in C8 eVs
NGC 3115   Sextans G   eVs Spring Mar Elliptical galaxy, one of the "spindle galaxies"...  
NGC 3344   Leo G   eVs Spring Mar Small spiral galaxy, spiral recognizable in the eVscope, bright stars in the area of the galaxy eVs
NGC 3384/89 near M 105 Leo G   eVs Spring Mar The galaxies NGC 3384 (elliptical) and the smaller NGC 3389 (spiral) can be seen together with the galaxy M 105 in the same field of view in the eVscope. eVs
NGC 3607/08/05   Leo G   eVs Spring Mar Three elliptical galaxies, which can all be seen in the eVscope in the same field of view (size: 3607 > 3608 > 3605) eVs
NGC 3628   Leo G   eVs Spring Mar-Apr Spiral galaxy seen edge-on; it forms a conspicuous group with M 65 and M 66, the Leo Triplet. eVs
NGC 3877   Ursa Major G   eVs North May Spiral galaxy nearly seen edge-on eVs
NGC 4236   Draco G   eVs North Apr, Jun Barred spiral galaxy, very faint eVs
NGC 4244 Silver Needle Galaxy Canes Venatici G   eVs Spring Mar-Apr Spiral galaxy, very thin and long, seen edge-on eVs
NGC 4248 near M 106 Canes Venatici G   eVs Spring Apr-May Small spiral galaxy in the vicinity of M 106 eVs
NGC 4284/4290 near M 40 Ursa Major G   eVs North Mar-Apr Two small galaxies in the vicinity of the optical double star M 40 eVs
NGC 4394 near M 85 Coma Berenices G   eVs Spring Mar Small spiral galaxy close to M 85 (in the same field of view of the eVscope) eVs
NGC 4449   Canes Venatici G   eVs Spring Mar-Apr Irregular galaxy eVs
NGC 4470 bei M 49 Virgo G   eVs Spring Mar Spiral galaxy close to M 49  
NGC 4490/85   Canes Venatici G   eVs Spring Mar-Apr Distorted spiral galaxies, which interact with one another eVs
NGC 4559   Coma Berenices G   eVs Spring Apr.May Spiral galaxy  
NGC 4565   Coma Berenices G   eVs Spring Apr-May One of the most prominent and famous edge-on spiral galaxies in the sky eVs
NGC 4631/27 Whale Galaxy Canes Venatici G   eVs Spring Apr-May Spiral galaxy, seen edge-on; above it, there is a companion, the elliptical dwarf galaxy NGC 4627. eVs
NGC 4636 with Supernova 2020ue Virgo G   eVs Spring Feb Looked for because of supernova 2020ue; supernova appears as a little dot...  
NGC 4638/37 See M 60 Virgo G   eVs Spring Mar Two more small galaxies in the vicinity of M 60: Elliptical galaxy NGC 4638 and small partner NGC 4637 eVs
NGC 4647 See M 60 Virgo G   eVs Spring Mar Spiral galaxy, that interacts with M 60 (in the same field of view in the eVscope) eVs
NGC 4665   Virgo G   eVs Spring Apr Spiral galaxy  
NGC 4697   Virgo G   eVs Spring Mar Small elliptical galaxy  
NGC 4725   Coma Berenices G   eVs Spring May Small spiral galaxy with even smaller neighbor galaxy NGC 4712 (spiral galaxy) eVs
NGC 5005   Canes Venatici G   eVs Spring Mar-Apr Oblique spiral galaxy with bright core eVs
NGC 5053   Coma Berenices KS   eVs Spring Mar, May Very loose globular star cluster near M 53 (1°); already too bright for a good photo... eVs
NGC 5466   Bootes KS   eVs Spring Mar, May Rather loose globular star cluster; already a litte bright for a photo... eVs
NGC 5634   Virgo KS   eVs Frühling Mai The only globular star cluster in the constellation Virgo; small in the eVscope  
NGC 5897   Libra KS   eVs Frühling Mai Extremely loose structure, only a very low star density even at the center eVs
NGC 5907 Splinter Galaxy Draco G   eVs North Sep Can be seen edge-on; in contrast to other "edge-on" galaxies, the ends are not pointed.  
NGC 6210 Turtle Nebula Hercules PN   eVs Sommer Mai Rather bright; has a white central star, which is regarded as easy to observe (not in eVscope). eVs
NGC 6229   Hercules GC   eVs Summer May Small but nice eVs
NGC 6235   Ophiuchus GC   eVs Summer May Rather small and little compressed  
NGC 6284   Ophiuchus GC   eVs Summer May Rather small  
NGC 6287   Ophiuchus GC   eVs Summer May Small  
NGC 6293   Ophiuchus GC   eVs Summer May Small, but larger than its neighbors  
NGC 6342   Ophiuchus GC   eVs Summer May Rather small  
NGC 6356   Ophiuchus GC   eVs Summer May Small, but larger than its neighbors eVs
NGC 6366   Ophiuchus GC   eVs Summer May Rather faint, but fairly large and loose eVs
NGC 6440   Sagittarius GC   eVs Summer May Small  
NGC 6445 Little Gem Nebula/Box Nebula Sagittarius PN   eVs Summer May, Aug Very small in the eVscope  
NGC 6517   Ophiuchus GC   eVs Summer May Small, has some star chains in its neighborhood eVs
NGC 6535   Serpens GC   eVs Summer May Small  
NGC 6537 Red Spider Nebula Sagittarius PN   eVs Summer May Very small, has a white dwarf at its center  
NGC 6539   Serpens GC   eVs Summer May Somewhat larger, has some star chains in its neighborhood eVs
NGC 6543 Cat's Eye Nebula Draco PN   eVs North Aug Very small in the eVscope  
NGC 6567   Sagittarius PN   eVs Summer May Very small  
NGC 6572 Blue Raquetball Nebula Ophiuchus PN   eVs Summer May Small and cyan  
NGC 6633   Ophiuchus OC   P130 GT, eVs Summer Sep, May Not found, too low in September; according to Stoyan on par with M 11 and M 16 ?
NGC 6712   Scutum KS   eVs Summer May Somewhat larger and nice eVs
NGC 6741 Phantom Streak Nebula Aquila PN   eVs Summer Aug So extremely small in the eVscope that I was not able to find it on the eVscope photo. Neither did the plate solving Website Astrometry.net! But I was able to identify it with the help of Stellarium.  
NGC 6751   Aquila PN   eVs Summer Sep Small in the eVscope, but can still be identified.  
NGC 6818 Little Gem Nebula Sagittarius PN   eVs Summer Aug A small blue dot in the eVs...  
NGC 6820/23   Vulpecula GE/OC   eVs Summer Aug NGC 6820 is a small reflection nebula near the open star cluster NGC 6823. Both are embedded in the large faint emission nebula Sh 2-86. The whole area of nebulosity is often referred to as NGC 6820.  
NGC 6822 Barnard's Galaxy Sagittarius G   eVs Summer Aug Nothing to see with eVs...  
NGC 6826   Cygnus PN   eVs Summer Feb, Jun Very small, blue dot in eVs...  
NGC 6882/5   Vulpecula OS   eVs Summer Aug Wide-spread open star cluster, actually NGC 6885, not NGC 6882...  
NGC 6888 Crescent Nebula Cygnus GE   eVs Summer Aug Faint and better suited to larger telescopes  
NGC 6934   Delphinus GC   eVs Summer Aug According to Stoyan hard to resolve; it is, however, possible with the eVscope.  
NGC 6946 Fireworks Galaxy Cepheus G   eVs North Aug-Sep 40' distant from the open star cluster NGC 6939, too far to see both in the eVscope at once  
NGC 6960/6992/5 Cirrus Nebula Cygnus PN   ST120 Summer Aug, Oct I was able to catch at least a glimpse of NGC 6960/6995 with the eVscope, although all this is far too large for the eVscopes field of view. ?
NGC 7000 North America Nebula Cygnus GE   ST120, eVs Summer Feb, Jun, Aug, Oct Oct 2019: searched for with 24 and 10 mm, perhaps a glow - that would be more than ever... for eVs too large  
NGC 7006   Delphinus GC   eVs Summer Aug Small, but also far away for a globular star cluster  
NGC 7009 Saturn Nebula Aquarius PN   eVs Summer Aug Very small, reminds of the planet Saturn with its "ears"  
NGC 7023 Iris Nebula Cepheus GN   eVs North Sep NGC 7023 is the name of an open star cluster containing the Iris Nebula The Iris Nebula is a reflection nebula illuminated by a central star.  
NGC 7243   Lacerta OC   eVs Autumn Feb Originally confirmed with a Karkoschka photo; better seen in August 2020  
NGC 7317 Stephan's Quintet Pegasus G   eVs Autumn Aug Part of Stephan's Quintet, a group of small galaxies. In the eVscope it is very small. It is located close to the galaxy NGC 7331.  
NGC 7331   Pegasus G   eVs Autumn Feb, Aug Originally faint, but confirmed with a Stoyan drawing; better seen in August 2020  
NGC 7380 Wizard Nebula / Cluster Cepheus GN/OS   eVs North Sep A star formation region that contains the young open star cluster NGC 7380.  
NGC 7479 Superman Galaxy Pegasus G   eVs Autumn Aug Can be seen well as a barred spiral  
NGC 7635 Bubble Nebula Cassiopeia GN   eVs Norht Sep Is located close to the well-known open star cluster M 52.  
NGC 7640   Andromeda G   eVs Autumn Sep Faint  
NGC 7662 Blue Snowball Nebula Andromeda PN   eVs Autumn Feb, Sep Small, green eVs
NGC 7789 White Rose Cluster Cassiopeia OC   eVs North Feb, Sep Large, many stars eVs
St 2 Muscle Man Cassiopeia OC LT, TS PS72, C8 North Oct-Nov, Jan Saw stars, but initially did not recognize the shape - did so in 2018  

Double Stars

DSO Details
Name Constellation Type Bino Telescope Prime Season* When Observed? Remarks Rec.
beta Cyg Albireo Cygnus DS   100P, PS72, eVs Summer Aug-Sep Nice difference in color; hard to seperate in the eVscope +
alpha Gem Castor Gemini DS   100P Winter May    
epsilon Lyr Double Double Lyra DS TS, OM21 100P, SM102, SM127, PS72 Summer Aug-Sep Seen as "double pair" from a magnification of about 100 x on  
zeta UMa Mizar/Alkor Ursa Major DS   100P, PS72 North Aug-Sep, May Double star; visual double star with Alkor +

Legend

*) "Prime Season" describes when the sky objects are in the South (this is how they are assigned to season in books etc.). Of course, you can observe most sky object in other sky regions at other times of the year. Column "When observed?" lists, when I observed the sky objects.

Rec.: + = preliminary recommendation of (fairly) easy to find objects; (+) = these objects are nice, but harder to find or require a darker sky; ? = not found or details forgotten

Bino: LT = Leica Trinovid 10 x 25 BC, TS = TS 10 x 60 LE; Telescope: GT means GoTo mount, GTAI means with Atik Infinity camera on GoTo mount, , GT(AI) means both configurations

PN = planetary nebula, GE = galactic emission nebula, GR = galactic reflection nebula, OC = open star cluster, GC = globular star cluster, DS = double star, SP = star pattern, SC = star cloud

 

Remarks

The above lists contain (almost) all celestial objects that I have tried to observe. For many, I succeeded, for some more or less, and for others not at all. Some of the latter objects are listed as a reminder to try again...

Observation details can be found on the pages describing my observations, as well as on the pages dedicated to the individual celestial objects; the latter pages are linked to in the tables above.

 

References

Books

Websites

Lists of Own Observations

On this Website

 

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12.10.2020