Deep Sky Observations with Vespera Summer/Autumn 2022 ...

Conditions | Observation Overview | List of Observed Sky Objects | References

Since the end of July 2022, I own an Vaonis Vespera telescope for observing and taking photos of deep sky objects. On this page, I collect information about observations from July to November 2022. The photos that were taken during this phase are be presented elsewhere (on the detail pages for the DSO).

 

Conditions

Sky Region and Objects

Between July and November 2022, I observed mostly the following sky area (some observed objects are indicated):

Click the map for a larger version - it opens in a new window (Image Courtesy of SkySafari Astronomy, www.simulationcurriculum.com)

Observation Time

The observations in this phase took place in July to November 2022. They typically took place shortly after dusk, when it was sufficiently dark for a successful initialization of the Vespera. In July, this was typically after 11 p.m. (summer time).

Observation Location

The first observations took place in Mühlhausen/Kraichgau (Germany):

Some observation sessions took place in Erkerode near Braunschweig (Germany):

One observation session took place in Sumène (close to Saint Julien-Chapteuil), Haute Loire (France):

Equipment Used

When observing with the Vespera, I only needed the Vespera and my iPhones or iPad.

General Conditions

In general, the sky above Mühlhausen/Kraichgau is "light-polluted" (SQM 20.5) and does not invite you to search for deep sky objects. This is certainly one of the reasons why I found some of the deep sky objects that I wanted to observe only sometimes or not at all. For astro photography, however, light pollution is not as disturbing as for visual observations. The sky quality is a litttle better in Erkerode and much better in Sumène/France.

 

Observation Overview

Observation Dates

Date
2022
Observed Objects Observed Objects, Details Remarks Further Remarks
Jul 29
MH
GC: M 13, M 92
PN: M 27
GN: M 16
G: M 51, M 82, M 101
Order: M 51, M 13, M 82, M 13, M 27, M 51, M 16, M 101, M 92 Vespera; iPad and iPhone 7 SQM 20 around midnight

No usable photos of M 51 and M 13; afterwards, all objects were "recognizable".

Jul 30
MH
GC: M 10, M 12, M 13, M 14
PN: M 57
G: M 81
Order: M 81, M 13, M 81, M 109, M 10, M 12, M 14, M 57
M 81 partly obscured, M 109 also not usable...

 

Vespera; iPad and iPhone 7 SQM not measured
Jul 31
MH
OC: M 11
GC: M 3, M 5, M 13, M 56, M 71
PN: M 27
GN: M 16, M 17, NGC 6960, NGC 6992, NGC 7000
G: M 81, M 82
Order: M 13, M 81, M 81/82, M 27, NGC 7000, NGC 6992, M 17, M 8 (obscured), M 5, M 11 (focus improved during observation), M 51 (aborted), NGC 6960, M 16, M 3, M 71, M 56, IC 1396 (nothing to see...) Vespera; iPad and iPhone 7 SQM 20 around midnight

During the observation of M 81, I changed the section so that M 82 was not only at the edge, but better visible on the image (I had to learn how to do this first...).
While observing M 11, I let the Vespera adjust the autofocus again. M 8 was unfortunately obscured because it was too low on the horizon.

Aug 4
Erk
GC: M 13
PN: M 27
G: M 51
Order: M 51, M 13, M 51, M 27

 

Vespera; iPad SQM not measured

Poor results, sky too bright; only M 51 stacked (with drop-outs)

Aug 6
Erk
OC: M 29, M 39, NGC 6633
GC: M 3, M 5, M 13
PN: M 27
GN: M 16, NGC 7000
G: M 51
Order: M 13, M 3, M 5, NGC 6633, M 27 (SQM 20, at 11:15 p.m.), M 29, M 39, M 16 (SQM 20,4 at 11:40 p.m.), M 51, NGC 7000 Vespera; iPad SQM 18 at about 10:30 p.m., later 20-20.4

M 29, M 39, NGC 7000 not stacked; when observing other DSO, many frames were not added to the stack (clouds?).

Aug 7
Erk
SP: CR 399
GN: M 16
G: M 51, M 101
Order: CR 399, M 16 (3 failed attempts, was obscured), M 51 (> 20 min), M 101 (> 30 min) Vespera; iPad SQM 18 at about 10:30 p.m., later up to 20.4

Better conditions, no drop-outs; M 16 not stacked (obscured)

Aug 12
Erk
OC: M 457, NGC 884/869, NGC 7789
GC: M 13
GN: NGC 6960, NGC 6992
PN: M 27
G: M 31, M 32, M 82, M 81/82
Order: M 13, M 82, M 81/82, M 31, M 32, NGC 884/869, NGC 7789, NGC 6960, M 27, NGC 6992, NGC 457 Vespera; iPad SQM later up to 19.4 (full moon)

In part, autofocus renewed (NGC 884/869, NGC 457); section changed for M 82 in order to include M 81 and M 82.

Aug 15
MH
GC: M 15
GN: M 16, NGC 6888
PN: M 27
Order: NGC 4565 (only FITS), M 64 (one first JPG, then only FITS), M 17 (obscured), M 16 (autofocus renewed, 15 min), NGC 6888 (autofocus renewed, 5 min), M 15 (autofocus renewed, 15 min), M 27 (after about 5 min clouds appearing) Vespera; iPad SQM later up to 20 and then lower again (nearly full moon)

In part, autofocus renewed (M 16, NGC 6888, M 15); clouds put an end to the session...

Aug 16
MH
GN: M 17, NGC 6960, NGC 6992, NGC 7023, NGC 7000
G: M 51
Order : M 51, M 17, NGC 6960, NGC 6992, NGC 7023, NGC 7000 Vespera; iPad SQM later up to 20 and then lower again

In part, autofocus renewed (M 17, NGC 7023, NGC 7000)

Aug 20
MH
GC: M 13
GN: M 16
PN: M 27
G: NGC 4889
Order: NGC 4889, M 16, M 13, M 27 (some other targets obscured and cancelled) Vespera; iPad SQM later up to 20 and then lower again

In part, autofocus renewed, particularly M 16 (completely fuzzy)

Aug 25
MH
OC: M 52, NGC 6939
GC: M 13
GN: IC 5146, NGC 6960, NGC 6992, NGC 7635
PN: M 27
G: NGC 6946, NGC7331, Stephan's Quintet (NGC 7317)
Order: M 13, IC 5146 (SQM 19.7), NGC 7635 (+ M 52) in second attempt because of section change (SQM 20), NGC 6946 (+ NGC 6939), NGC 6960, NGC 6992, NGC 7331 + Stephan's Quintet (NGC 7317), M 27 Vespera; iPad SQM 17.5...18, later up to 20

Observation inspired by Oliver's observation

Aug 28
Sum
GC: M 2, M 13
GN: NGC 6960
PN: M 27, M 97
G: M 81, M 108, NGC 3077
Order: M 13, M 22 (partly obscured, observation cancelled), M 2, M 81 (with section change so that M 82 is included - but M 82 was missed and NGC 3077 was included), M 108 (with frame correction, so that M 97 is included), NGC 6960, M 27 (fuzzy at the beginning) Vespera; iPad SQM greater 19 at first, later 20, 20.5…21 (and better) even later

Milky Way visible, fairly dark sky before midnight (2 days after new moon)

Sep 30
Erk
GC: M 2, NGC 6229, NGC 6934
OC: M 29, M 39
G: NGC 6946
GN: IC 5070
PN: M 27
Order: M 29, M 39, M 2 (focus updated), NGC 6934, IC 5070 (three attempts), NGC 6229 (focus updated), NGC 6946 (focus updated), M 27 Vespera; iPad Observed from 9:30 10 11:30 p.m.; SQM bis 20,4

Great problems when initialising/focusing; possibly caused by a tripod leg that was not fixed correctly...

Oct 5
Erk
GC: NGC 6712
OC: M 11, M 26
G: M 31, M 110
GN: IC 5146, NGC 6960, NGC 6992, NGC 7380
Order: M 11, M 26, NGC 6712, IC 5146 (Coocon Nebula; AF renewed), NGC 7380 (Wizard Nebula, see below), M 110, M 31, NGC 6992, NGC 6960

NGC 7380: AF renewed> Focus correction took a long time... > new star pattern analysis > star zone search > star pattern analysis > etc. etc.
2. Attempt: completely fuzzy > AF renewed> then it worked after a long "preparation"...

Vespera; iPad Observed from about 8 up to 9:30 p.m.; SQM 19, läter 19.7 (8 p.m., did not get darker later, because of the moon), about 3/4 moon

No initialisation problems at the beginning (tripod legs fixed correctly, Rollei adapter), but later after a loss of WiFi connection (required a new initialisation!), it took long, until everything was working again (about 1/2 h).

Oct 17
MH
G: M 31/32
GN: NGC 6888
Order: NGC 6888 (Crescent Nebula), M 31/32

Both exposed for about 30 minutes (a little more...); because of the clouds it remained unclear to me, whether the long exposure times were of any use at all (but stacking was still done, albeit with pauses)

Vespera; iPad Observed from about 6 to 7:15 p.m.; SQM not measured, about waning half moon (not visible); many clouds which later lead to cacellation of the session.

No initialisation problems at the beginning (tripod legs fixed correctly and extended, Rollei adapter), but later a loss of WiFi connection inside for two times; WiFi could be re-established quickly)

Oct 22
MH
G: M 31/32
GN: IC 5070, IC 5146
PN: M 27
Order: M 27, IC 5070, IC 5146, M 31 (Vespera und eVscope 2)

In part, I exposed up to 30 minutes, in part a little more than 20 minutes; I also took photos in between (manually and with the Vespera also automatically); this observation was meant as a comparison of eVscope 2 and Vespera at long exposure times.

Vespera; iPad (eVscope 2, iPhone 7) Observed from after 7:00 p.m. until about 9:30 p.m.; SQM 17...18 at the very beginning, 19 at about 7:30, 19.4 at 7:35, 19.6 at 8:15, later only 19.4; dew!!! Soon clouds were appearing...

eVscope 2: No dark frame, no checking of collimation and focus

Oct 27
MH
GN: IC 5070, NGC 7000
G: M 31/M 32/M 110
Order of mosaics: NGC 6992/6960 (aborted because of clouds), M 31/32/110 (aborted after 48 min because of obstacles, paused because of clouds), NGC 6992/6960 (aborted), NGC 7000/IC 5070 (aborted after 43:50 min because of clouds) Vespera; iPad Mosaics with Vespera (new app version; Beta version for mosaic):
First try with Cirrus Nebula cancelled because of clouds; M 31/32/110 (SQM 19-19.4?) cancelled after 48 min because of obstables. Second try at Cirrus Nebula at 9:28 p.m. (SQM 19.4); cancelled after 17 min, because there was nothing to see. At about 10:00 p.n. attempt at NGC 7000/IC 5070 (SQM 19.7; relatively clear); cancelled at 43:50 min because of clouds (about 11:10 p.m.)
Oct 30
MH
GN: NGC 6960/6992
G: M 33
Order of mosaics: NGC 6992/6960 (1 h), NGC 6992/6960 (> 30 min,) NGC 1499 (aborted because of obstacles), M 33 (aborted, M 33 too small)

Order "normal": M 33 (AF renewed...)

Vespera; iPad Mosaics with Vespera (new app version; Beta version for mosaic:
NGC 6992/6960 (1 h); thereafter, a second attempt (> 30 m). The section seemed too small...
Then attemot at the Calfornia Nebula NGC 1499, which failed because of obstacles; then M 33, mosaic cancelled; then observed M 33 "normally" (10 p.m.), once more cancelled and AF renewed...
Nov 1
MH
OC: NGC 654, 659, 663, M 103
GN: IC 1805, M 16, NGC 281
PN: NGC 7293
Moon (half)
Order: Moon, M 16, NGC 7293 (Helix Nebula, nothing), IC 1396 (Elephant's Trunk), Moon (nothing), NGC 7293 (Helix Nebula, nothing), NGC 281 (Pacman Nebula), NGC 7293 (Helix Nebula)

Order of mosaics (taken after normal photos): M 103/NGC 663/659/654 (1 h), IC 1805 (Heart Nebula, 1 h)

Vespera; iPad Half moon; begin of observations at about 6 p.m., SQM 19; during M 16 SQM 19-19.2; during IC 1396 (Elephant's Trunk) SQM 19,5-20t

Mosaics at the end: M 103/NGC 663/659/654 and more (1 h); IC 1805 (Heart Nebula; 1 h)

Nov 10
MH
OC: M 11
GC: M 14
GN: NGC 7000
DN: B 142/3
Order: B 142/3 (Triple Cave Nebula > dark nebula), M 14 (obscured), Vespera newly initialized, M 14, M 11 (two mosaic attempts; the first cancelled, the second with NGC 6712), NGC 7000 (mosaic, 2h) Vespera; iPad Shortly after full moon (not yet visible); start at 5:45 p.m., SQM 17; end at about 9:30 p.m.

 

Bold: First observation during this observation period; G = galaxy, OC = open star cluster, GC = globular star cluster, GN = galactic nebula, PN = planetary nebula, SP = star pattern, DN = dark nebula, C = comet, SN = supernova

 

List of Observed Sky Objects

Object details can be obtained via the links to the relevant deep sky objects.

DSO Details
Name Constellation Type Remarks
B 142/43 Triple Cave Nebula, E Nebula Cepheus DN Difficult to recognize
CR 399 Coat Hanger Vulpecula OC In binoculars better to see than in a telescope
IC 1396 Elephant Trunk Cepheus GE Becomes visible after sufficient exposure time...
IC 1805 Heart Nebula Cassiopeia GN/OS The galactic nebulae IC 1805, IC 1848, and IC 1795 (also named NGC 896) form a larger nebulosity region in the constellation Cassiopeia, not far away from the Perseus Double Cluster NGC 869/884.
IC 5070 Pelican Nebula Cygnus GNE Large reddish nebula
IC 5146 Cocoon Nebula Cygnus GNE Small reddish nebula with embedded open star cluster Cr 470
M 2   Aquarius GC Nice globular cluster, one of the larger ones
M 3   Canes Venatici GC Similar to M 5 and M 92; resolved in Vespera
M 5   Serpens Caput GC Similar to M 3 and M 92; resolved in Vespera
M 10   Ophiuchus GC Resolved in Vespera
M 11 Wild Duck Cluster; mosaic with NGC 6712 Scutum OC Many stars in Vespera
M 12   Ophiuchus GC Resolved in Vespera
M 13 Hercules Cluster Hercules GC Largest observed GC; many stars in Vespera
M 14   Ophiuchus GC Resolved in Vespera
M 15   Pegasus GC Resolved in Vespera
M 16 Eagle Nebula Serpens OS+GN Often too low at the horizon; nice in Vespera
M 17 Omega N., Swan Nebula Sagittarius GE Nice in Vespera
M 26   Scutum OC One of the more inconspicuous star clusters
M 27 Dumbbell Nebula Vulpecula PN Rather small in Vespera
M 29   Cygnus OC Pattern created from a few stars
M 31 Andromeda Galaxy Andromeda G Together with M 32; observed for 30 min at the end of October
M 32 Together with M 31 in FOV Andromeda G Together with M 31; observed for 30 min at the end of October
M 33 Triangulum Galaxy Triangulum G Quite impressive
M 39   Cygnus OC Few stars
M 51 Whirlpool Galaxy, together with NGC 5195 Canes Venatici G Nice spiral galays together with connected satellite galaxy NGC 5195
M 52   Cassiopeia OS Medium-sized open star cluster; can be seeon together with NGC 7635 (Vespera)
M 56   Lyra GC Smaller than M 3, M 5, and M 13
M 57 Ring Nebula Lyra PN Relatively small...
M 71   Sagitta GC Very loose GC
M 81 Bode Galaxy Ursa Major G Nice spiral galaxy; spirale not clearly recognizable in Vespera; can be observed together with M 82
M 82 Cigar Galaxy Ursa Major G Long irregular galaxy (cigar), disturbed during an encounter with M 81; can be observed together with M 81
M 92   Hercules GC Smaller than M 13, but with a brighter center
M 97 Owl Nebula Ursa Major PN Small green dot with two dark spots; can be observed together with M 108 with Vespera
M 101 Pinwheel Galaxie Coma Berenices G Faint, but quite impressive in Vespera
M 103 With NGC 654, NGC 659, and NGC 663 Cassiopeia? OC Open star cluster with many fine stars; the brighter stars form a triangle
M 108   Ursa Major G Barred spiral galaxy, nearly seen edge-on; can be observed together with M 97 with Vespera
M 110   Andromeda G Satellite of the Andromeda Galaxy M 31
NGC 281 Pacman Nebula   GN Larger reddish nebula
NGC 457 Owl Cluster, E.T. Cluster Cassiopeia OC The eyes stand out
NGC 654 With NGC 659, NGC 663, and M 103 Cassiopeia OC  
NGC 659 With NGC 654, NGC 663, and M 103 Cassiopeia OC  
NGC 663 With NGC 654, NGC 659, and M 103 Cassiopeia OC  
NGC 884/869 Perseus Double Cluster Perseus OC Nice, both clusters visible in Vespera
NGC 3077   Ursa Major G Small companion of M 81
NGC 4889   Coma Berenices G Tiny...
NGC 6229   Hercules GC Small
NGC 6633   Ophiuchus OC Only stars...
NGC 6712   Scutum GC Not very large...
NGC 6888 Crescent Nebula Cygnus GE Nice but faint; observed for 30min at the end of October
NGC 6934   Delphinus GC According to Stoyan hard to resolve; it is, however, possible with the Vespera.
NGC 6939   Cepheus OC Together in FOV with NGC 6946 with Vespera
NGC 6946 Fireworks Galaxy Cepheus G Face-on galaxy; together in FOV with NGC 6939 with Vespera
NGC 6960 Western Cirrus Nebula Cygnus GN Only partly visible
NGC 6992 Eastern Cirrus Nebula Cygnus GN Only partly visible
NGC 7000 North America Nebula Cygnus GN Only partly visible
NGC 7023 Iris Nebula Cepheus GN Nice
NGC 7293 Helix Nebula Aquarius PN Large, faint
NGC 7317 Stephan's Quintet Pegasus GC Close to galaxy NGC 7331 (together in FOV with Vespera)
NGC 7331   Pegasus G Close to Stephan's Quintet (together in FOV with Vespera)
NGC 7380 Wizard Nebula/Cluster Cepheus GN/OC A star formation region that contains the young open star cluster NGC 7380.
NGC 7635 Bubble Nebula Cassiopeia GN Is located close to the well-known open star cluster M 52; can be seeon together (Vespera)
NGC 7789 Caroline's Rose Cluster, White Rose Cluster Cassiopeia OC Nice

G = galaxy, GaC = galaxy cluster, OC = open star cluster, GC = globular star cluster, GE = galactic emission nebula, GR = galactic reflection nebula, DN = dark nebula, C = comet, PN = planetary nebula, SP = star pattern, HII = HII region (emission nebula in other galaxies)

 

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19.01.2023