Leica M (Typ 240): Electronic Viewfinder (EVF)

Introduction | (My) Criteria for Using an Electronic Viewfinder | My Experiences... | Issues | Final Word

On this page, I discuss the electronic viewfinder (EVF) for the Leica M (Typ 240). The Leica version is called Visoflex 2 (or Leica Visoflex EVF 2 Electronic Accessory Viewfinder), while the identical Olympus version is called VF-2 (Olympus also builds the Leica version). Since I own the Olympus version (because it is cheaper), I can only write for this version, but I am confident that most of what I am writing here also accounts for the Leica version.

Note: I bought the VF-2 for the Leica X Vario und now use it for both cameras, the X Vario and the M (Typ 240).



Leica writes in the M (Typ 240) manual: "The EVF 2 delivers almost 100% TTL reproduction of the image field with a resolution of 1.4 Megapixels. This allows easy and precise picture composition along with complete control of all relevant data. It is particularly useful where the lighting conditions impair the visibility of the monitor screen and - thanks to the tilting eyepiece - for worm's eye view pictures.
The viewfinder is attached to the camera's flash shoe in the same way as an external flash unit, which means the two cannot be used together."

The Leica EVF 2 is manufactured by Olympus and said to be identical to the Olympus VF-2. Anyway, whatever differences there may be between the two, apart from the labels, both seem to work on the Leica M (Typ 240) and the X Vario (but see the issues section below). Here are a few views of the Olympus VF-2:


Figures: Views of the electronic viewfinder Olympus VF-2 (click images for larger versions in a new window)

The EVF shows the same section as the LCD screen on the camera back does, albeit at a higher resolution (1.4 vs. 0.9 Megapixels). It has a button to switch between EVF and LCD screen. You can also set various image parameters for both screen types, but I never used this feature. In contrast to the X Vario, you cannot determine on your own, which information you want to see on which screen: Menus are always displayed on the LCD screen. I read that there are also minor differences between what is displayed on the LCD screen and on the EVF, when both show the same information (but I did not find out yet...).

The EVF is attached to the camera's flash shoe and makes the camera definitely larger (even more so if you tilt the EVF by 90 degrees).


Figures: The Leica M (Typ 240) with and without electronic viewfinder Olympus VF-2

This also shows when you put the Leica M (Typ 240) into a bag, as the following photos illustrate:


Figures: The attached viewfinder requires that the bag is soft so that the M (Typ 240) can fit into it (ThinkTank Retrospective 5 bag)


Figure: Without viewfinder, it's easier to put the M (Typ 240) into the bag (ThinkTank Retrospective 5 bag) and you have a little more space...

If your bag is, like my ThinkTank Retrospective 5, fairly small, it should be flexible enough so that it can "adapt" to the camera with attached viewfinder. On the other hand, removing the viewfinder every time you put the camera into the bag and attaching it when you take the camera out is too cumbersome for me...

To cut things short, I need a viewfinder, I prefer a tiltable electronic viewfinder, and therefore the remainder of the page just discusses, how well I fare with the electronic viewfinder for the Leica M (Typ 240). There are two options, one from Leica (built by Olympus, and one from Olympus ( the differences should be negligible) - and these are the only options available.


(My) Criteria for Using an Electronic Viewfinder

On the camera forums on the Internet, there are a lot of debates around electronic viewfinders such as:

Actually, I do not want to repeat all theses debates here. In the following, I briefly summarize, why I use primarily an electronic viewfinder:

I prefer a viewfinder to the LCD screen because

For many years, I owned Minolta Dimage cameras which had electronic viewfinders. Then I switched to DSLRs with optical viewfinders and often found that I had forgotten to check the photo... So I decided to go for cameras with EVF again - despite the better image quality of the optical viewfinder and its speed (that is, there are no delays introduced by the electronics).

I prefer an electronic viewfinder to an optical viewfinder because

Provided it is tiltable, I prefer and optional/attached viewfinder to a fixed one (most fixed ones are not) because

All these are my personal preferences, and I know that many users have different ones. But I think that some camera users may have similar preferences or are at least interested in my arguments.

And now there Is also A Rangefinder...

I collected the above arguments mainly from my past experience, when I did not own a rangefinder camera, such as the Leica M. So, I will at least provide a few arguments for and against rangefinder versus electronic viewfinder... I may add more arguments when I have collected more experience with the rangefinder - at the moment, I am primarily an EVF user.

The Leica M's rangefinder, a special type of an optical viewfinder with the ability for precise focusing, is regarded as the "essence" of the Leica, and many Leica users regard the addition of an electronic viewfinder to the Leica M (Typ 240) as blasphemy. And there are, of course a good reasons, why a rangefinder is superior to an electronic viewfinder, such as:

But there are also some disadvantages to the rangefinder:

Anyway, considering my history and the reasons, why I bought the Leica M (Typ 240), it is no surprise that I go with the EVF, at least for the moment, and have to live with its shortcomings and limitations. Of course, I envy users of newer cameras with better EVFs...


My Experiences...

In the following, I list a couple of experiences and opinions about the EVFs for the Leica M (Typ 240) (I assume that both viewfinders are about the same).

I first encountered electronic viewfinders when I owned the Minolta Dimage 7 series cameras. The first of them had an ferro-electric panel - a principle that seems to have been revived currently (see the Leica D-Lux). Those EVFs had only a low resolution of 0.4 Megapixels and were not really usable for manual focusing - but they were tiltable 90 degrees (!). Thereafter, as already mentioned, I switched to DSLRs with optical viewfinders and used them until the end of 2009. Then I bought a Ricoh GXR, which again had an electronic viewfinder, albeit optional one that was attachable to the flash shoe - like the one for the Leica X Vario. The GXR viewfinder EVF-2 has a resolution of 0.9 Megapixels, and the image is fairly small so that you cannot detect any pixels. Compared with the Ricoh EVF, the Leica's has more pixels (1.4 versus 0.9 Megapixels) and projects a larger image. As a result, pixels are discernible, but that does not present a problem to me.

Here are photos of the look through the viewfinder VF-2 on the Leica M (Typ 240) and the Leica X Vario (for details click the images to see larger versions):


Leica M (Typ 240) with VF-2


Leica X Vario with VF-2

Figures: Look through the VF-2 on the Leica M (Typ 240) and and X Vario (click images for larger versions)

On page Leica M (Typ 240) and Leica X Vario: Manual Focus Comparison, I compare the Leica M with the X Vario with respect to their suitability to manual focusing with an EVF (which may also depend on available focusing aids such as magnification an focus peaking). All in all, I have already come to the conclusion that the M is better suited to manual focusing: the X Vario lacks focus peaking, and the screen magnification is of poor quality, probably because a section of the screen is magnified (therefore, I do not use it).

One thing that seems to present a problem to some users: The Leica/Olympus EVF produces comparatively dull colors - sometimes you may have the impression that the viewfinder image is black and white. I once gave the camera to a colleague, and he was very disappointed by the viewfinder and said exactly this. You can change the color characteristics in the menu, but I refrain from doing so because I may be disappointed afterwards if the actual photos are duller than what I saw in the viewfinder - I prefer it the other way round...

As with probably every EVF, you get strong delays in low light and when you move the camera under this condition. But I am willing to accept this, knowing that one day electronic viewfinders will be better in this respect...

About the time when the Leica M (Typ 240) was released, Olympus released a new EVF (VF-4) with higher resolution (about 2.4 Megapixels). Many Leica M (Typ 240) and X Vario users hoped that Leica would adapt both cameras to accept the new viewfinder. But this never happened. One could read in the forums that the cameras' processor aren't powerful enough to support the new viewfinder. All in all, this is disappointing, because Leica must have known of the new viewfinder when it developed the M and the X Vario. At Photokina 2014, the new Leica X was released, which supports the new EVF that the Leica T uses (about 2.5 Megapixels). Since this EVF has a different connection, it will regrettably never be possible to use this viewfinder on the X Vario. Probably one day, Leica will release a new version of the M that will support newer and better viewfinders, but this does not help users of existing M (Typ 240) - who indeed spent a lot of money for the camera and may not be willing to buy a new one...

I never had the chance to compare the M's EVF to one of the newer higher resolution viewfinders - expect for a recent brief encounter with the Sony A7 that a friend of mine has bought. I was surprised that the difference between the two viewfinders was not "earth-shaking". Perhaps, I should be content with what I have...



This section may be the only one that is relevant for the Olympus VF-2 viewfinder only.

I had some problems with the Olympus VF-2 on the Leica X Vario and report these on the respective page. So far, I did not encounter such issues with the Leica M (Typ 240), except for to early "black-out" where I had to switch the camera off.

There is a small issue with the rubber ring at the eyepiece (you can turn the ring to adjust diopters, see Figures below): From time to time it gets lose because the camera is so tight in its bag or from other handlings, and I nearly lost it already. Moreover, from time to time I inadvertently turn the ring and thus, change the setting and the image appears fuzzy...


Figures: The rubber ring at the eyepiece of the electronic viewfinder Olympus VF-2 got lose already several times; you can turn the ring to adjust diopters (click images for larger versions in a new window)


Final Word

All in all, there are only minor issues with the Olympus version of the M's electronic viewfinder, up to now. The X Vario's issues did not appear. I would like to have an EVF with higher resolution, particularly for easier manual focusing, but, all in all, the viewfinder is OK and there is, up to now, no way for me using the camera without it (except for a low battery power - the battery lasts longer when I use the rangefinder).


An den Anfang   Homepage  

gerd (at) waloszek (dot) de

About me
made by walodesign on a mac!